From the Pinnacle CPA Advisory Group —

This checklist was prepared for our clients and friends as a quick way to identify eligible programs. Please contact us for the details.  Many of the details are not available yet from the government. This is not meant to be an all-inclusive summary of the extensive programs.

Delays in Filing and Paying

___ Federal tax payments and returns were due 5/17/21 at this time

___ For individuals, trusts, estates, associations, and C corporations

___ Calendar year S corporations and partnerships were due 3/15/21

 

Direct Stimulus Payments to Individuals (sometimes called Recovery Rebates or Economic Impact Payments)

Round 1

___ Individuals with adjusted gross income (AGI) ≤ $75,000 receive $1,200

___ Married couples with AGI ≤ $150,000 receive $2,400

___ Head of households with AGI ≤ $112,500 receive $1,200

___ Parents with children under age 17 receive $500 / child

___ Phase-outs occur for individuals from $75,001 – $99,000 (head of household from $112,501 – $136,500)

___ Phase-outs occur for married couples from $150,001 – $198,000

___ Rebate was reduced by $5 for each $100 that exceeds the above AGI

___ Income was based on 2018 return unless 2019 return is filed

___ Rebate is not subject to tax

___ Receive even if you don’t file a return as long as you have a SSN and are not claimed by someone else

___ Get My Payment – IRS website tool for payment status information and entering direct deposit information

___ Reconciled on 2020 return (Keep if you got too much and claim a credit if you got too little based on 2020 income)

___ Rebate was not subject to offset or reduction by amounts owed

 

Round 2

___ Same rules as Round 1

___ Second set of payments $600 per taxpayer and $600 per qualifying child

 

Round 3

___ $1,400 per eligible individual and dependent

___ Quicker phase-outs: Individuals $75,001 – $80,000 (head of household from $112,501 – $120,000)

___ Phase outs for married couples from $150,001 – $160,000

___ Parents with children under age 17 receive $600 / child

___ 2019 return will be used for eligibility unless the 2020 returns have been filed at time of payment

___ Taxpayers deceased before 1/1/21 are not eligible

___ Reconciled on the 2021 return (Keep if you got too much and claim a credit if you got too little based on 2021 income)

 

Expanded Unemployment Benefits

___ Extra $600 / week through 7/31/2020 (in addition to state benefit).  A presidential executive order lowered and extended to $300 / week from 8/1/2020 – 12/27/20.  It is now extended through 9/6/21.

___ Maximum of 50 weeks for combined federal and state assistance

___ Self-employed and independent contractors would be eligible

___ Up to $10,200 of unemployment benefits (applies to both spouses) are considered tax free if AGI is < $150K (for all filing statuses)

___ Tax free begins in 2020.  It is retroactive.  The IRS will send refunds

 

Retirement Account Withdrawals

___ Required minimum distributions (RMD) for 2020 can be waived (even inherited IRA’s)

___ 10% penalty is waived on up to $100,000 distributions (must be used for Corona related purposes)

___ Started 1/1/20

___ It can be repaid within 3 years from the date received; or

___ It is taxed over 3 years (2020 – 2022) or you can elect out and pay all the tax on the 2020 tax return

 

Student Loans Held by the Dept. of Education

___ All payments can be suspended through 9/30/20. Extended to 12/31/20.

___ Certain student loans forgiven are excluded from income from 1/1/21 to 12/31/25.

___ 0% interest will accrue

 

Health Insurance Premium Assistance

___ Premium assistance (subsidies) have been expanded

___ Larger subsidies are available to all and some subsidy to some higher income levels now

___ Employers who provide coverage and pay premiums may claim a credit for their share of medicare tax.

___ Cobra qualified beneficiaries are eligible for a 100% subsidy from 4/1/21 to 9/30/21

 

Child Tax Credit (for 2021 only)

___ 17 year-olds are able to receive credit

___ Credit is increased from $2,000 to $3,000 ($3,600 if under age 6)

___ Increased credit amounts are phased-out at $50 / $1,000 income

___ Phase-out starts at $75,000 single, $112,500 head of household and $150,000 married filing joint

___ IRS will develop a program to pay 50% in advance between 7/1/21 – 12/31/21 using 2020 returns if filed (otherwise 2019)

___ You can opt out of advance payments

___ Credit will be reconciled on the 2021 return

 

Earned Income Credit (starting in 2021)

___ Qualifying minimum age for individuals with no qualifying children is reduced from 25 to 19 with some exceptions

___ Being in school at least 5 months is the main exception

___ Earned income used can be 2019 instead of 2021 if 2019 is greater than 2021

___ Disqualifying investment income was raised to $10,000 starting in 2021

 

Child & Dependent Care Benefits (starting in 2021)

___ Dependent care assistance is increased from $5,000 to $10,500 ($5,250 for married filing separate) starting in 2021.

___ Dependent care dollar limit is increased from $3,000 to $8,000 for 1 child and from $6,000 to $16,000 for 2 or more children

___ Credit % is increase to 50% reduced by 1% in excess of $125,000 AGI

___ Maximum credits are $4,000 for 1 child and $8,000 for 2 or more children

___ Old 20% is used once the higher percentage phases-out at $185,000 AGI

___ Credit phases-out from $400,000 to $440,000 AGI and is completely gone when AGI exceeds $440,000

 

Federally Backed Mortgage Loans such as FNMA and FHLMC

___ 180 day forbearance can be requested by the borrower.  An additional 180 days was added.

___ No fees, penalties or interest beyond contractual amounts will be added

 

Above-the-Line Charitable Deduction

___ Maximum $300 ($600 Married Filing Joint Filers for 2021)

___ Permitted if you don’t itemize

___ Donations to a donor advised fund don’t count

 

Qualified Family Leave (Extended to 9/30/21)

___ Employees unable to work or telework who leave for care of a child under age 18 (school or childcare is closed)

___ Employed at least 30 days

___ First 10 days may be unpaid but the employee can use vacation, personal, medical or sick leave benefits

___ The 10 days can reset.between 4/1/21 to 9/30/21

___ After 10 days, paid leave is required (2/3 of normal gross pay not to exceed $200 / day)

___ The aggregate maximum is 10 weeks and $10,000

___ Increased from $10,000 to $12,000 for 4/1/21 – 9/30/21

___ Self-employed qualify up to 50 days at $200 / day ($10,000 maximum)

___ Self-employed individuals qualify for up to 60 days for 4/1/21 to 9/30/21

 

Qualified Sick Leave (Extended to 9/30/21)

___ Unable to work or telework for specific virus-related reasons

___ Subject to quarantine, isolation order, advised by health provider to self-quarantine, and experiencing symptoms

___ 80 hours of paid sick time to full-time employees

___ Part-time employees based on average hours worked over a 2 week period

___ No limit for length of service

___ Regular rate up to a maximum of 10 days at $511 / day not to exceed $5,110 / employee to take care of self

___ Regular rate up to a maximum of 10 days at $200 / day not to exceed $2,000 to take care of someone else

___ Self-employed qualify up to 10 days at $200 / day ($2,000 maximum)

 

Qualified Family or Sick Leave General Rules

___ Administered by the Department of Labor

___ Increased by portion of qualified health plan expenses

___ Increased by 6.2% Social Security and 1.45% Medicare tax

___ Refundable tax credit if it exceeds the credit on employer’s payroll tax

___ Comparable credits are offered to self-employed individuals (prior year net earnings divided by 260 days)

___ This can be claimed even if you received a PPP loan

 

Small Business (generally < 500 employees) Loans (Paycheck Protection Program)

Round 1

___ Covers employee and owner payroll costs

___ Administered by banks who are certified SBA Lenders (guaranteed 100% by SBA)

___ Eligible if in operation on 2/15/20

___ Sole proprietors and independent contractors (self-employed) are eligible and use net Income from self-employment

___ Qualified expenditures include payroll, group health care, mortgage interest, rent, utilities, interest on existing debt

___ Payroll costs include salary, commission, tips, health care insurance, and state unemployment

___ Employees have qualifying costs up to $100K with an 8 week max of $15,385 and a 24 week max of $46,154

___ Owners have qualifying costs up to $100K with an 8 week of $15,385 and a 24 week max of $20,833

___ Those having a principal residence outside the US do not qualify

___ Utilities include electric, gas, water, transportation, phone, and internet

___ 8/8/20 is last day to apply or receive a loan but it is first come first serve…move quick!!!

___ Loan is 2.5 * monthly payroll costs (2019) (special seasonal and industry rules) up to $10 million

___ Interest at 1% loan

___ Loans issued before 6/5/20 have a 2 year maturity and loans issued starting 6/5/20 have a 5 year maturity

___ Payments will be deferred for a minimum of 6 months from date of loan disbursement

___ No collateral, personal guarantees or recourse to owners

___ Funds should be used during the covered period in the 8 or 24 weeks after loan origination (loan can be forgiven in whole or part)

___ Loan principal is forgiven for proceeds used over an 8 or 24 week period for qualified costs listed above

___ The 8 or 24 week period begins on the date of the loan origination

___ Expected forgiveness is the amount lender expects borrower to expend

___ At least 60% of the loan must be used for payroll costs to have full forgiveness

___ Amount forgiven is reduced if FTE headcount or salaries decrease (↓ >25% during covered period compared to 1/1/20 – 3/31/20)

___ Start gathering monthly payroll (W-2’s and 941’s) and self-employed information (Sch. C and bank statements) for 2019

___ Applicant must submit SBA Form 2483 to the bank and whatever forms the bank requires (varies by bank)

___ Applicant may be able to use shortened SBA Form 3508 EZ (check this first!)

___ Applicants with less than $150K of PPP loan proceeds can use SBA Form 3508S…easiest…changing the form again soon

___ PPP proceeds are tax exempt and related expenses are deductible if the loan is forgiven

___ There is a really good calculator at the website below

Round 2:

___ A second PPP loan program (PPP 2.0) has been approved

___ PPP 2.0 will be based on a 25% decrease in quarterly gross receipts in 2020 as compared to 2019

___ PPP 2.0 uses the same 2.5 times 2019 monthly payroll costs will be used except for restaurant industry that can use 3.5 times

___ PPP 2.0 lowers qualifying employers to ≤ 300 employees

 

SBA Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) (< 500 employees):

___ Emergency advance (grant) up to $10,000 within 3 days of applying (have not seen any of these after weeks)

___ Up to $2M in loans (amounts over $10,000 are loans at 3.75% for up to 30 years) (Non-profits get 2.75%)

___ Must have been in business as of 1/31/20

___ Loans available from 1/31/20 – 12/31/20

___ Includes sole proprietors with and without employees

___ Can still do the paycheck protection program above but the $10,000 will be applied against the loan

___ Targeted EIDL advances are considered tax free income

 

Employee Retention Credit (Extended to 12/31/21):

___ For employers whose operations were fully or partially suspended as a result of a government order; or

___ For employers who had a significant decline in gross receipts (declined by > 50% from same quarter in prior year)

___ Employers with ≤ 100 employees, all wages are eligible (limits if >100)

___ Refundable payroll tax credit of 50% of wages (new IRS Form 7200)

___ Up to $10,000 / employee / quarter

___ Cannot use this credit and the PPP loan above for the same expenses

___ Relates to wages paid 3/13/20 – 12/31/21

___ Extended to 6/30/21 with credit increased to 75% of qualified wages, ≤ 500 employees, and a > 20% gross receipts decline

___ Extended to 12/31/21 with credit decreased to 70% of qualified wages, claimed against medicare tax only

___ Severely financially distressed companies (90% decrease in a quarter between 2019 and 2020) treat all wages as qualified

 

Payroll Tax Payment Delay

___ Employers and self-employed

___ 6.2% employer’s matching money

___ 3/27/20 – 6/31/21

___ 50% of qualified wages through 12/31/20 up to $10,000 / year

___ Increased to 75% from 1/1/21 – 6/30/21 up to $10,000 / quarter

___ Pay ½ by 12/31/21 and ½ by 12/31/22

 

Employer Payments of Student Loans:

___ Tax free to the employee with a maximum of $5,250

___ Paid by employer for employee

___ 3/27/20 – 12/31/25

 

Net Operating Loss Expansion:

___ NOL’s generated in 2018, 2019 or 2020 can be carried back 5 years

___ The 80% limit on NOL’s is suspended to fully offset income

___ Farmers can elect to retain the 2-year carryback, claim 5-year carry back, or waive the carryback

 

Business Interest Deduction

___ Business interest deduction was increased from 30% of taxable income to 50% of taxable income

 

Qualified Improvement Property Technical Correction:

___ 100% bonus depreciation is permitted on interior improvements for non-residential property

___ Retroactive for improvements after 9/27/17 filed on Form 3115 Change in Accounting

 

Loans to Certain Industries (the Big Winners):

___ Air and cargo carriers

___ Businesses critical to national security

___ Hospitals & COVID care providers

___ Many government branches

___ Education

___ Restaurants have a revitalization grant program based on decline of gross revenue

 

Disaster Relief:

___ Qualified disaster areas declared 1/1/20 – 2/25/21 with incidence period 12/27/19 – 12/27/20

___ Waives 10% penalty on retirement withdrawals up to $100,000

___ Borrow up to $100,000 from a retirement plan

 

Ohio Considerations:

___ Ohio and most Ohio cities have delayed filing and payment date to 7/15/20

___ Ohio Dept. of Insurance – employees with reduced hours still can have group coverage, health insurance                      payments can be delayed for 60 days, COBRA and continuation rules are loosened for now

___ Ohio unemployment pays 50% of average weekly wage with a $118 minimum / week and a $424 maximum / week for 26 weeks

 

Other Considerations:

___ Business meals can be 100% deducted for 2021 and 2022 when bought at a retail restaurant even if taken offsite

___ Business interruption insurance – hard to prove claim

___ Business liability insurance – are you exposing employees or clients to the virus

___ Workers compensation – probably not but health care workers maybe

___ Off premise insurance – have you thought about property being kept offsite now

___ Employee rights must be posted by 4/1/20

___ Proactively call lenders and work out payment arrangements

___ Teachers can use their $250 educator deduction on PPE and other COVID related supplies

___ 7.5% medical expense limit has been made permanent

___ Can deduct cash charitable contributions up to 100% of income in 2020 and 2021 (does not apply to 20% / 30% property)

___ Stay safe!!!

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SOME HELPFUL REFERENCES:

___ Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (3/27/20) https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/20059055/final-final-cares-act.pdf

___ Families First Coronavirus Response Act (3/18/20) https://www.dol.gov/agencies/whd/pandemic/ffcra-employer-paid-leave

___ IRS People First Initiative https://www.irs.gov/newsroom/irs-unveils-new-people-first-initiative-covid-19-effort-temporarily-adjusts-suspends-key-compliance-program

___ Loan Forgiveness Details https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/748/text#toc-HB37C431F57484034A3D8B58B1EC16623

___ SBA emergency $10K advance for EIDL https://www.sba.gov/disaster/apply-for-disaster-loan/index.html

___ IRS Interim Final Rule https://www.sba.gov/sites/default/files/2020-04/PPP–IFRN%20FINAL_0.pdf

___  DOL Q & A  https://www.dol.gov/agencies/whd/pandemic/ffcra-questions

___ SBA EIDL Loans: https://covid19relief.sba.gov/#/

___ SBA Paycheck Protection Program https://www.sba.gov/funding-programs/loans/paycheck-protection-program-ppp

___ IRS information  https://www.irs.gov/coronavirus

___ IRS Notice 2020-32 – Deductibility of PPP expenses https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-20-32.pdf

___ SBA Interim Final Rules Filed 6/16/20 https://s3.amazonaws.com/public-inspection.federalregister.gov/2020-                                    13293.pdf

___ Non-filers for stimulus payment must register at https://www.irs.gov/coronavirus/non-filers-enter-payment-info-here

___ Great PPP loan calculator at https://www.pppforgivenesstool.com/

___ Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (12/27/20)  https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/133/text

___ American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (3/11/21) https://www.congress.gov/117/bills/hr1319/BILLS-117hr1319enr.pdf

 

Contact the Pinnacle CPA Advisory Group

If you need help with pandemic assistance, or any other personal or business tax issue, contact the Pinnacle CPA Advisory Group for expert advice. Call us at (614) 942-1990, reach us by email sent to info@cpaagi.com, or fill out our Contact form at cpaagi.com/contact.